A no-nonsense public servant for more than 50 years, PANFILO “PING” MORENA LACSON has been circumspect in matters of public interest and committed against various forms of corruption and wrongdoing, in line with his personal credo: “Ang tama, ipaglaban. Ang mali, labanan. (What is right must be kept right. What is wrong must be set right).”
Lacson first earned a tough, no-nonsense reputation while serving in the Philippine National Police: solving high-profile crimes including kidnap-for-ransom cases in the 1980s and 1990s; and reviving the PNP’s glory days as Chief, PNP from 1999 to 2001.
In the Senate, Lacson – as an untiring, tenacious watchdog of the national budget – made sure dubious congressional insertions (a.k.a. pork barrel) and useless appropriations are checked and deleted during plenary debates. More about Ping Lacson here.
The Manila RTC’s dismissal of the pending proscription case is pursuant to the Saving Clause provision under the Anti-Terrorism Act and should not in any way be interpreted as a setback for the law itself.
That being said, that is exactly the reason why “proscription” is designed to be the exclusive authority of the judiciary since it could involve possible detention of individuals and members of organizations suspected to be violating the Act, hence due process of law must be strictly observed.
Unlike “designation” which only involves preliminary freezing of bank accounts and assets of those involved in terrorist financing, and which the Anti-Terrorism Council is given the authority to perform since it is merely an administrative act.
Well said. I could not agree more with the statement of the NTF-ELCAC.*
Senator Legarda is a friend and I respect her opinion but I cannot for the life of me agree with her stand, apparently articulated by her statement that the CPP-NPA-NDF is not an enemy of the state. Simply put, an armed terrorist group — already designated not only by the government of the Republic of the Philippines but also by the European Union, the United States of America and four other countries (Canada, United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand) — is unequivocally an enemy of the state.
That being said, any attempt to amend the Anti-Terrorism Act is a disrespect to our comrades-in-arms as well as the countless civilians who fell victims to the atrocities of this terrorist group that has lost its ideological principles over the years – they murder, they rob, they extort, they harass and intimidate and worse, indiscriminately.
Having authored and sponsored and almost single-handedly defended the legislative measure in the Senate plenary, as well as in the battle for public opinion in many fora including the media, I will not hesitate to be part of the opposition to thwart moves to amend this law in its substantive form which no less than the Supreme Court has declared as constitutional.
P/Gen Rodolfo Azurin Jr, Chief of the Philippine National Police; members of the command group and Directorial Staff and all the officers present; the men and women of the proud and brave organization, the PNP, magandang umaga po sa ating lahat.
It always feels good to be back home. To some of us in the Board of Trustees of the PNP Foundation Inc. Camp Crame is our home, a place where we spent most of our adult professional life facing challenges too many that we have lost count of the number. How time flies, and fast.
Twenty-two years ago, I used to preside and lead our regular Monday flag-raising ceremonies where we would start our week’s work in our offices, in the field, or wherever we could be deployed to serve and protect the people; unsure if we would still be alive to attend the next hoisting of the Philippine flag right on this spot where we stand now.
Fidel Valdez Ramos: PC Chief, AFP Chief of Staff, DND Secretary and Commander-in-Chief. All my life as a soldier and policeman, he was my superior officer through and through. He made me Lieutenant Colonel at age 31 and handed me my first star at age 45. Rest In Peace, Sir.
Sa pagtatapos ng termino sa Senado ni Senador Panfilo “Ping” M. Lacson sa ika-30 ng Hunyo, tila pagbubukas ng isang panibagong kabanata ng buhay naman ang kanyang kinikinita – ang makapag-ambag sa food security ng bansa sa pamamagitan ng pagtahak sa isang agri-aqua business kasama ang ilang kaibigan, kabilang ang dating kalihim ng agrikultura na si Secretary Emmanual “Manny” Pinol.
“I’m just looking at a closed chapter in my life story. I’m now turning a new page with a new chapter. This is my third career. My first career was in law enforcement, then I became a legislator,” ayon kay Lacson sa isang panayam nitong Linggo ng gabi.
“I’m just looking at a closed chapter in my life story. I’m now turning a new page with a new chapter. This is my third career. My first career was in law enforcement, then I became a legislator,” Lacson said Sunday evening.
Kondisyunal na pagsuspinde sa excise tax ng gasolina, at ang pagtanggal sa napakaraming Value-Added Tax (VAT) exemptions.
Ayon kay Senador Panfilo “Ping” M. Lacson, ito ang dalawang magkaakibat na solusyon na magbibigay ng hinga sa mga Pilipino sa patuloy na pagtaas ng presyo ng gasolina.
“We can conditionally suspend excise taxes on fuel when oil prices reach a threshold price in the international market such as $90 or even $100 per barrel. This could provide some breathing space not just for the transport sector but those affected by high fuel prices,” ayon kay Lacson sa isang panayam Linggo ng gabi.
A conditional suspension of the excise tax on fuel, and the scrapping of several lines of exemption in the Value-Added Tax (VAT).
Sen. Panfilo “Ping” M. Lacson said this is the two-pronged formula that can give Filipinos some badly needed breathing room from the effects of prohibitive fuel prices.
“We can conditionally suspend excise taxes on fuel when oil prices reach a threshold price in the international market such as $90 or even $100 per barrel. This could provide some breathing space not just for the transport sector but those affected by high fuel prices,” Lacson said in an interview with the media Sunday evening.
Umaasa si Senador Panfilo “Ping” M. Lacson na ipagpapatuloy ng mga Senador ng 19th Congress ang krusada sa pagbubusisi at pagbabantay sa national budget laban sa mga kuwestiyunableng congressional insertions (a.k.a “pork barrel”) at mga hindi kapaki-pakinabang na appropriations.
“I hope somebody will take the cudgels and continue the fight because while the Supreme Court has ruled pork barrel as unconstitutional, there are so many ways to go around it,” pahayag ni Lacson sa media noong Linggo ng gabi sa Pasay City.
Idinagdag din ng Senador na magtatapos ang termino sa ika-30 ng Hunyo, na makakatulong nang husto sa budget scrutiny ang ilang miyembro ng kaniyang staff na ngayo’y magiging bahagi na rin ng opisina ng ibang mga senador.
Sen. Panfilo “Ping” M. Lacson is hoping senators in the 19th Congress will continue his crusade of tenaciously scrutinizing the national budget and keeping it free from dubious congressional insertions (a.k.a. “pork barrel”) and useless appropriations.
“I hope somebody will take the cudgels and continue the fight because while the Supreme Court has ruled pork barrel as unconstitutional, there are so many ways to go around it,” Lacson, who ends his Senate term on June 30, told media in Pasay City Sunday evening.
He added some members of his staff who have joined other senators can be a great help in scrutinizing the budget for dubious insertions.
If the blocked websites had to do with financing the activities of the CPP-NPA which the Anti-Terrorism Council had already designated as a terrorist organization, there is legal basis under the law for such action undertaken by the NTC.
That being said, the action may be challenged before the court because it is the basic right of an “aggrieved” party to do so as it has something to do with the interpretation of the law.
Having capped his career as the AFP Chief of Staff easily qualifies Gen. Faustino as the next Secretary of National Defense in November, in consideration of the one-year ban on the appointment of newly retired AFP officers under RA 11709.
My objection to his appointment earlier as a 3-star general being the Commanding General of the Philippine Army had nothing to do with his competence but his disqualification due to the prohibition under Presidential Decree 1638, having less than one year before retirement.
Only the Chief of Staff, AFP is exempted from such ban.
I remember making a commitment to SND Lorenzana then that even if Faustino was on floating status and appointed Chief of Staff, I would not object to his confirmation as 4-star general and even move for his confirmation in the Commission on Appointments as a member of the Senate panel, which I did.
This is it. My long journey of 50 years now comes to an end. Looking back, I had a very simple childhood ambition. To become a lawyer and to start and cap my career as an agent of the NBI. With some unplanned twist of fate I graduated from the PMA. My dream then was to wear that insignia with a star on my shoulder. Instead I got four stars as chief of the nation’s police force and with a bang.
Itinulak ni Sen. Ping Lacson ang pagbaba ng rate ng Value-Added Tax (VAT) at pagtanggal ng exemptions dito para makalikom ng pondo ang gobyerno na hindi dadagdag sa pabigat sa ordinaryong Pilipino.
Ayon kay Lacson, kung nasunod lang ang formula na isinulong niya noon pang 2018, maaari nang lumikom ng hindi bababa sa P117 bilyon kada taon na dagdag na tax revenues kahit na binaba ang VAT rate sa 10 percent mula sa kasalukuyang 12 percent.
“The Department of Finance should have adopted my proposal when Congress was deliberating on Train 1. We could have earned at least P117 billion in additional tax revenues in 2018 alone, even with a reduced VAT rate from 12% to 10%, by removing 78 lines of exemption from some sectors such as the power sector, cooperatives, housing, and economic zones,” ani Lacson, matapos mapaulat na isusulong ng Department of Finance sa susunod na administrasyon ang pagtanggal ng VAT exemption para makalikom ng P142.5 bilyon kada taon. Ang pondo diumano ay gagamitin para bayaran ang utang ng bansa.
Bringing down the rate of the Value-Added Tax (VAT) while removing VAT exemptions in several sectors will go a long way in raising much-needed revenues for the government while lessening the burden on ordinary Filipinos.
Sen. Panfilo “Ping” M. Lacson said this formula, which he proposed as early as 2018, could have raised at least P117 billion a year in additional tax revenues even with a VAT rate of 10 percent, lower than the current 12 percent.
“The Department of Finance should have adopted my proposal when Congress was deliberating on Train 1. We could have earned at least P117 billion in additional tax revenues in 2018 alone, even with a reduced VAT rate from 12% to 10%, by removing 78 lines of exemption from some sectors such as the power sector, cooperatives, housing, and economic zones,” Lacson said, following reports the DOF will ask the next administration to remove VAT exemptions to generate at least P142.5 billion every year, with the amount potentially used for debt payments.
Higit sa mga matataas na opisyal, dapat bigyang pugay at parangal ang mga sundalong nagsusugal ng buhay para sa bayan.
Iginiit ito ni Senador Panfilo “Ping” Lacson, nang itinulak niyang isama sa resolusyon kaugnay sa pagsagip ng mga Indonesian fishermen laban sa mga Abu Sayyaf noong Disyembre 2019 ang pangalan ng higit 50 sundalo na nagsagawa ng rescue operation.
“Praise the commanders to high heavens if we must; just don’t forget the soldiers who literally risked their lives to make the feat happen,” ani Lacson, chairman ng Senate Committee on National Defense, sa kanyang Twitter account nitong Lunes ng hapon.
More than the commanders, the soldiers on the ground who risked their lives deserve to be honored.
Sen. Panfilo “Ping” M. Lacson stressed this as he pushed for the inclusion of more than 50 soldiers’ names in a resolution citing Defense Secretary Delfin Lorenzana and former Armed Forces Chief of Staff Gen. Cirilito Sobejana for the rescue of Indonesian fishermen from the Abu Sayyaf in December 2019.
“Praise the commanders to high heavens if we must; just don’t forget the soldiers who literally risked their lives to make the feat happen,” Lacson, who heads the Senate Committee on National Defense and Security, said on his Twitter account Monday afternoon.
“ANG SINUNGALING AY KAPATID NG MAGNANAKAW!” – how can we forget such feisty words from the queen herself, sans script or direction from anyone behind the camera. It was all from Ms Susan Roces – a spontaneous and honest expression of the sad state of politics in the country.
Ang bagong batas na nagtatakda ng “fixed terms” para sa Chief of Staff at ibang matataas na opisyal ng Armed Forces of the Philippines ay isa sa mga legacy ni Sen. Panfilo “Ping” Lacson sa ating military at defense establishment.
Isninulong ni Lacson noong Setyembre bilang chairman ng Senate Committee on National Defense and Security ang Senate Bill 2376, na kasama ang House Bill 10521 ay naging basehan ng Republic Act 11709 na pinirmahan ni Pangulong Rodrigo Duterte.
“Finally, we will see an end to the revolving-door policy in the AFP. The leaders of our AFP will have the opportunity to implement their legacy programs instead of staying in office too briefly,” ani Lacson, na nagsilbi sa Philippine Constabulary ng 20 taon matapos mag-graduate sa Philippine Military Academy noong 1971.
A new law prescribing fixed terms for the Armed Forces of the Philippines’ Chief of Staff and senior officers will cap the key legacies of Sen. Panfilo “Ping” M. Lacson to the military and defense establishment.
Lacson, who chairs the Senate Committee on National Defense and Security, pushed last September Senate Bill 2376, which with House Bill 10521 forms the basis of what President Rodrigo Duterte signed into law as Republic Act 11709.
“Finally, we will see an end to the revolving-door policy in the AFP. The leaders of our AFP will have the opportunity to implement their legacy programs instead of staying in office too briefly,” said Lacson, who upon graduating from the Philippine Military Academy in 1971 served in the Philippine Constabulary until 1991.
I’m going home. After being away too long looking after the needs of other people, it is time to serve my family for a change. Enjoying peace and quiet in these challenging times will probably be my life’s greatest reward.
Sa pagtatapos ng kampanya at halalan sa Mayo 9, umaasa si independent presidential candidate Senador Ping Lacson na ito na rin ang magiging katapusan ng pagkakawatak-watak at girian na nanaig sa nakararaming botanteng Pilipino noong nakaraang 90 araw.
Sa kanyang Twitter post nitong Sabado ng umaga, ipinahayag ni Lacson ang pag-asa niya na maging isang bansa at nagkakaisang sambayanan muli ang mamamayang Pilipino.
“Dear God. Thank You for keeping us ALL safe from illness and injury as we finish the race to submit ourselves to the will of the people. May the bitterness and animosity be buried with the memories of the most grueling 90 days of our lives and be one nation, one people again,” ani Lacson.
As the campaign period for the May 9, 2022 elections concludes, independent presidential bet Sen. Panfilo “Ping” M. Lacson is hoping that the bitterness and animosity of the last 90 days will come to an end as well.
In a post on his Twitter account early Saturday, Lacson voiced hopes that the Philippines and the Filipino people will become “one nation, one people again.”
“Dear God. Thank You for keeping us ALL safe from illness and injury as we finish the race to submit ourselves to the will of the people. May the bitterness and animosity be buried with the memories of the most grueling 90 days of our lives and be one nation, one people again,” he said.
CARMONA, Cavite – Sa kanilang ginanap na miting de avance Biyernes ng gabi, hinikayat ni independent presidential aspirant Sen. Panfilo “Ping” Lacson ang sambayanan na maglunsad sa Mayo 9 ng isang mapayapang rebolusyon sa pamamagitan ng paggamit ng kanilang karapatan na bumoto ng karapat-dapat na lider ng bansa.
Ito ang panawagan ni Lacson at ng kanyang ka-tandem na si Senate President Tito Sotto sa harap ng mahigit sa 50,000 supporters na dumalo sa Verdant Square.
“Nananawagan ako sa inyo. Inaanyayahan ko kayo na maglunsad tayo ng isang rebolusyon. Hindi po rebolusyon na tulad ng pinaglaban ng ating mga ninuno ng ating mga bayani. Ito po ay isang tahimik na rebolusyon kung saan ang ating gamit ay ang ating mga panulat upang i-shade sa balota ang mga pangalan ng mga dapat at karapat-dapat na mamuno sa ating bansa,” ani Lacson.
CARMONA, Cavite – On May 9, let us launch a silent revolution – not the kind our forefathers launched against foreign invaders and conquerors, but a silent one using our pens to shade the names of our country’s next leaders.
This was independent presidential bet Sen. Panfilo “Ping” M. Lacson’s invitation to Filipino voters Friday evening at his and vice presidential bet Senate President Vicente “Tito” Sotto III’s miting de avance attended by some 50,000 cheering people at the Verdant Square here.
“Nananawagan ako sa inyo. Inaanyayahan ko kayo na maglunsad tayo ng isang rebolusyon. Hindi po rebolusyon na tulad ng pinaglaban ng ating mga ninuno ng ating mga bayani. Ito po ay isang tahimik na rebolusyon kung saan ang ating gamit ay ang ating mga panulat upang i-shade sa balota ang mga pangalan ng mga dapat at karapat-dapat na mamuno sa ating bansa (I am inviting you to take part in a revolution. Not the revolution that our forefathers waged against conquerors and invaders. This is a silent revolution where we will use our pens to shade the names of deserving leaders in our ballots),” he said.
Magandang, magandang gabi sa ating mga pinakamamahal na aking kalalawigan sa lalawigan ng Cavite. Mabuhay ang Cavite!
Bago ang lahat, ay nais ko munang bigyang pugay at pasalamatan ang isang Kabitenyo na talagang isang tapat sa pakikisama at lapat makipagkaibigan. Siya po ang isang tunay na kaibigan na maski talikuran kami ng lahat nariyan pa rin siya sa ating tabi. Ang aking tinutukoy walang iba kundi si Rep. Roy Loyola. Mabuhay si Cong Loyola!
Di magkamayaw na tao at isang mainit na pagtanggap ang sumalubong kay independent presidential aspirant Sen. Ping Lacson sa kanyang pagbisita sa Maguindanao at Cagayan de Oro City nitong Huwebes.
Taliwas ang nakitang suporta ng senador sa sinasabing zero support sa Mindanao base sa inilabas na resulta ng isang survey firm.
Bilang natatanging presidential candidate na bumisita sa bayan ng Ampatuan, umaapaw ang saya at init ng pagtanggap kay Lacson at sa kanyang senatorial candidates na sina Minguita Padilla at Manny Piñol sa kanilang pagbisita sa Kamasi Multipurpose Hall.
Big crowds, rousing welcomes and unequivocal affirmations of support in Maguindanao province and Cagayan de Oro City marked the town hall meetings of presidential aspirant Sen. Panfilo “Ping” M. Lacson in Mindanao on Thursday.
The show of support for Lacson in both areas also belied the projection of a survey firm that he may get zero votes in Mindanao on Election Day.
In Maguindanao, Lacson – accompanied by senatorial candidates Minguita Padilla and Emmanuel Piñol – received an enthusiastic welcome at the Kamasi Multipurpose Hall in Ampatuan town, as some residents lauded him for being the first presidential candidate to visit them.
Nanawagan si independent presidential aspirant Sen. Ping Lacson sa Philhealth na pansamantalang ipagpaliban ang napipintong pagtaas ng kanilang premium sa Hunyo para makahinga sa dagdag gastusin ang mga miyembro na lubhang naapektuhan ng pandemya.
Bagama’t pinahihintulutan ang PhilHealth na itaas ang kanilang premium sa ilalim ng Universal Health Care Act, hindi aniya napapanahon para gawin ito.
“It is within the provisions of the Universal Health Care Act to increase, although it may not be advisable at this point in time because we are still reeling from the effects of the pandemic. Baka hindi timely,” ani Lacson sa isinagawang presscon sa Cagayan de Oro City nitong Huwebes ng hapon.
The Philippine Health Insurance Corp. (PhilHealth) may need to defer its planned premium rate hike in June to allow members whose livelihoods were affected by the pandemic to recover, presidential aspirant Sen. Panfilo “Ping” M. Lacson said.
Lacson said that while PhilHealth is allowed to raise its premium under the Universal Health Care Act, doing so now is untimely and not advisable.
“It is within the provisions of the Universal Health Care Act to increase, although it may not be advisable at this point in time because we are still reeling from the effects of the pandemic. Baka hindi timely (It may not be timely),” Lacson said at a press conference in Cagayan de Oro City Thursday afternoon.
Tila kabaligtaran ng resulta ng isang survey firm ang ipinakitang mainit na suporta kay Senador Ping Lacson nang siya ay bumisita sa Negros Oriental nitong Miyerkules.
Matatandaan na base sa resulta ng survey kamakailan ay sinasabi na zero o walang suporta ang mga taga-Visayas sa kandidatura ng independent presidential aspirant.
Sinalubong si Lacson sa Dumaguete City ni Elsie Lee at ang kanyang pamilya. Ang anak ni Mrs. Lee na si Emmanuel ay na-kidnap noon at si Lacson ang nanguna sa pagligtas sa kanilang anak mula sa kidnappers.
Anuman ang maging resulta ng eleksyon sa Mayo 9, tiwala ang magka-tandem na sina Senador Ping Lacson at Senate President Tito Sotto na may maiiwan silang “legacy” sa bayan – ang pagbigay kaalaman sa nakararaming botante.
Ito anila ang resulta ng serye ng town hall meetings at pakikipag-dayalogo sa lahat ng kanilang mga nakausap sa kasagsagan ng kanilang kampanya.
“Come what may, maybe on May 9, 2022 – o sa mga susunod na eleksyon sa 2025, 2028, 2031 and beyond – baka yun man lang ang legacy na maiwan namin. Somehow, nag-contribute kami na mabago ang kultura ng eleksyon sa bansa, kung saan sa ngayon, kung sino ang magaling mag-entertain, magaling mambola ay tinatangkilik,” ani Lacson sa kanilang press conference na ginanap sa Tagaytay City.
Regardless of the outcome of the May 9 elections, independent presidential aspirant Sen. Panfilo “Ping” M. Lacson and his vice presidential bet Senate President Vicente “Tito” Sotto III will have left an indelible legacy: voters’ enlightenment.
Lacson and Sotto said Tuesday they believe they achieved this through the town hall meetings – all with dialogues or open forums – in the places that they have visited during the campaign.
“Come what may, maybe on May 9, 2022 – o sa mga susunod na eleksyon sa 2025, 2028, 2031 and beyond – baka yun man lang ang legacy na maiwan namin. Somehow, nag-contribute kami na mabago ang kultura ng eleksyon sa bansa, kung saan sa ngayon, kung sino ang magaling mag-entertain, magaling mambola ay tinatangkilik (Come what may, whether it is on May 9, 2022 or in future elections in 2025, 2028, 2031 and beyond, at least we will leave a legacy for the next elections by improving our election culture from the current one where those who know how to entertain and smooth-talk are the projected winners),” Lacson said at a press conference in Tagaytay City.
Aside from the constant 2% survey results that they’ve been giving me for the past few months, now it is zero scores in both Visayas and Mindanao. Instead of speculating, it is best for me to just wait for the May 9 election results which is not too long a wait after all.
That being said, I call on all my active and silent supporters and those who truly believe in good, honest governance to go out on May 9 and cast their votes as it is the ultimate show of support that matters to Filipinos of the present and future generations.
Mas mapapadali na para sa mga mauunlad na munisipalidad ang magpa-convert bilang siyudad, dahil sa isang panukalang batas na inihain ni Senador Ping Lacson.
Naging basehan ng Republic Act 11683 ang Senate Bill 255 na inihain ni Lacson noong July 2019, at ang counterpart measure nito na House Bill 8207.
“By opening the doors to cityhood for qualified municipalities, the new law allows the local governments to fully operationalize their functions. As such, we address the inequity in national resources, we provide a greater number of our people the effectual impact of being a city – better delivery of public services and a fair share of our progress,” ani Lacson, na matagal nang adhikain ang palakasin ang local government units sa buong bansa.
Prosperous municipalities now have one less obstacle to becoming cities, after a bill filed by Sen. Panfilo “Ping” M. Lacson to ease the requirements on converting municipalities to component cities became law.
Republic Act 11683, which lapsed into law on April 10, 2022, is based on Senate Bill 255 filed by Lacson in July 2019, as well as on House Bill 8207.
“By opening the doors to cityhood for qualified municipalities, the new law allows the local governments to fully operationalize their functions. As such, we address the inequity in national resources, we provide a greater number of our people the effectual impact of being a city – better delivery of public services and a fair share of our progress,” said Lacson, a champion of empowering local government units.
Mas dumarami pa ang nakumbinsing mga botante ni independent presidential candidate Sen. Panfilo “Ping” M. Lacson nang bumisita siya sa Bicol nitong Biyernes.
Ayon kay Lacson at senatorial bet Minguita Padilla, maganda ang naging pagtanggap ng mga residente ng Catanduanes at Camarines Sur sa kanilang pakikipag-usap sa mga ito sa naganap na townhall meeting sa lugar.
“Sa una, parang kaunti lang ang responses na narinig, yung reactions. But then after the open forum, something really changed, talagang na-reversed ang situation, so we would like to think na yung conversation napakalaki. Kasi naiba talaga, very very visible,” ani Lacson.
Independent presidential candidate Sen. Panfilo “Ping” M. Lacson managed to win over converts in parts of Bicol where he campaigned on Friday.
Lacson and senatorial bet Minguita Padilla noted the audiences at their town hall meetings in Catanduanes and Camarines Sur became enthusiastic after noticing he and Padilla listen to their problems.
“Sa una, parang kaunti lang ang responses na narinig, yung reactions. But then after the open forum, something really changed, talagang na-reversed ang situation, so we would like to think na yung conversation napakalaki. Kasi naiba talaga, very very visible (At first, there seemed to be little response from the audience in our town hall meeting. But after the open forum, something really changed. The situation was reversed. So we would like to think there was a conversion),” Lacson said.